What are the Facts About ARFID?
- ARFID is more common in children and young adolescents and less common in late adolescence and adulthood.1
- ARFID is often associated with psychiatric co-morbidity, especially with anxious and obsessive compulsive features.1
- ARFID is more than just “picky eating;” children do not grow out of it and often become malnourished because of the limited variety of foods they will eat.2
- The true prevalence of ARFID is still being studied, but preliminary estimates suggest it may affect as many as 5 percent of children.2
- Boys may have a higher risk for ARFID than girls.2
- 63 percent of pediatricians and pediatric subspecialists were unfamiliar with the diagnosis of ARFID
- Rates of ARFID are between 5% and 14% in pediatric inpatient ED programs and up to 22.5% in a pediatric eating disorder day treatment program.4
- Prevalence in the general population is not known.4
- ARFID affects more males than females5
1. ARFID: Some new twists and some old themes. Ovidio Bermudez, MD, FAAP, FSAHM, FAED, F.iaedp, CEDS. (2016)
2. Norris, M. L., Spettigue, W., & Katzman, D. K. (2016). Update on eating disorders: current perspectives on avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder in children and youth. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 12, 213-218.
3. Canadian Pediatric Surveillance Program
4. Norris, M. L., Spettigue, W., & Katzman, D. K. (2016). Update on eating disorders: current perspectives on avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder in children and youth. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 12, 213-218.
5. Eddy, K. T., Thomas, J. J., Hastings, E. R., Edkins, K., Lamont, E., Nevins, C. M., . . . Becker, A. E. (2015). Prevalence of DSM-5 Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder in a pediatric gastroenterology healthcare network. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 48(5), 464-470.
What are the Facts About ARFID?
What are the symptoms of ARFID?
As with other eating disorders, ARFID has no singular cause. However, the evolving scientific literature suggests that this pattern of disordered eating develops from a complex interplay between genetic, psychological and sociocultural factors.
Learn more about these contributing factors.
Does ARFID cause any health risks?
There are many health risks associated with ARFID, including weight loss, nutritional deficiencies and weight loss.
Learn more about ARFID’s impact on physical health.
How is ARFID treated?
ARFID treatment is unique to each patient’s needs. Medical stabilization, psychiatric stabilization, nutritional rehabilitation and weight restoration (when appropriate) are considered when determining a patient’s treatment plan.
Learn more about ARFID treatment.
ARFID Facts & Statistics.
There are many misconceptions about ARFID, including the fact that is is simply “picky eating.”
Educate yourself about ARFID facts and statistics.
Do I have ARFID? Take our ARFID Self-Assessment Quiz.
If you or a loved one struggle with some of the symptoms described here, it may be worth speaking with a clinician and considering treatment options.
Take a short self-assessment.
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At Eating Recovery Center, our Master’s-level clinicians are specially-trained and can speak with you about your concerns. Please call us at 877-825-8584 to schedule a free consultation.