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Symptoms of Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID)

Symptoms of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) vary widely, and may evolve with the developmental context of the individual (especially in children and adolescents).

Types and symptoms of ARFID include:

  • Avoidant: Patients who only accept a limited diet in relation to sensory features (sensory sensitivity); sensory aversion; sensory over-stimulation
  • Aversive: Individuals whose food refusal is related to aversive or fear-based experiences (phobic avoidance) including choking, nausea, vomiting, pain and/or swallowing
  • Restrictive: Individuals who do not eat enough and show little interest in feeding or eating (low appetite); extreme pickiness; distractible and forgetful
  • ARFID “Plus”: Individuals with avoidant, aversive, or restrictive types of ARFID presentations who begin to develop features of anorexia nervosa, including concerns about body weight and size, fear of weight gain, negativity about fatness, negative body image without body image distortion and preference for less calorically-dense foods
  • Adult ARFID: Individuals with avoidant, aversive, or restrictive types of ARFID presentations beyond childhood; may have had similar symptoms since childhood including selective or extremely picky eating, food peculiarities, texture, color or taste aversions related to food.

Seek a diagnosis if you see any of these ARFID symptoms

If left untreated, ARFID symptoms can build in intensity and seriousness, which is especially concerning for children and adolescents going through the most developmentally important stages of their life.

Please call us at 877-825-8584 so we can discuss the symptoms you are observing, help with a diagnosis and discuss your treatment options.

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